Tissue engineering seeks to restore the function of diseased or damaged tissues through the use of cells and biomaterial scaffolds. It is now apparent that the next generation of functional tissue replacements will require advanced material strategies to achieve many of the important requirements for long-term success. Here we provide representative examples of engineered skeletal and myocardial tissue constructs in which scaffolds were explicitly designed to match native tissue mechanical properties as well as to promote cell alignment. We discuss recent progress in microfluidic devices that can potentially serve as tissue engineering scaffolds, since mass transport via microvascular-like structures will be essential in the development of tissue engineered constructs on the length scale of native tissues. Given the rapid evolution of the field of tissue engineering, it is important to consider the use of advanced materials in light of the emerging role of genetics, growth factors, bioreactors, and other technologies.
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- R01 AG015768-14/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
- R01 AR048852/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United States
- P01 AR050245/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United States
- R01 AG015768/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
- R01 AR048852-05/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United States