Prediction of michael-type acceptor reactivity toward glutathione

Chem Res Toxicol. 2010 Oct 18;23(10):1576-85. doi: 10.1021/tx100172x. Epub 2010 Sep 30.


A model has been developed to predict the kinetic rate constants (k(GSH)) of α,β-unsaturated Michael acceptor compounds for their reaction with glutathione (GSH). The model uses the local charge-limited electrophilicity index ω(q) [Wondrousch, D., et al. (2010) J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 1605-1610] at the β-carbon atom as a descriptor of reactivity, a descriptor for resonance stabilization of the transition state, and one for steric hindrance at the reaction sites involved. Overall, the Michael addition model performs well (r² = 0.91; rms = 0.34). It includes various classes of compounds with double and triple bonds, linear and cyclic systems, and compounds with and without substituents in the α-position. Comparison of experimental and predicted rate constants demonstrates even better performance of the model for individual classes of compounds (e.g., for aldehydes, r² = 0.97 and rms = 0.15; for ketones, r² = 0.95 and rms = 0.35). The model also allows for the prediction of the RC₅₀ values from the Schultz chemoassay, the accuracy being close to the interlaboratory experimental error. Furthermore, k(GSH) and associated RC₅₀ values can be predicted in cases where experimental measurements are not possible or restricted, for example, because of low solubility or high volatility. The model has the potential to provide information to assist in the assessment and categorization of toxicants and in the application of integrated testing strategies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Glutathione / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Chemical


  • Glutathione