We assessed the association of socioeconomic (SE) position with graft loss in a multicenter cohort of pediatric heart transplant (HT) recipients. We extracted six SE variables from the US Census 2000 database for the neighborhood of residence of 490 children who underwent their primary HT at participating transplant centers. A composite SE score was derived for each child and four groups (quartiles) compared for graft loss (death or retransplant). Graft loss occurred in 152 children (122 deaths, 30 retransplant). In adjusted analysis, graft loss during the first posttransplant year had a borderline association with the highest SE quartile (HR 1.94, p = 0.05) but not with race. Among 1-year survivors, both black race (HR 1.81, p = 0.02) and the lowest SE quartile (HR 1.77, p = 0.01) predicted subsequent graft loss in adjusted analysis. Among subgroups, the lowest SE quartile was associated with graft loss in white but not in black children. Thus, we found a complex relationship between SE position and graft loss in pediatric HT recipients. The finding of increased risk in the highest SE quartile children during the first year requires further confirmation. Black children and low SE position white children are at increased risk of graft loss after the first year.
© 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.