Global outcome in acute phase of treatment following moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury from motor vehicle collisions vs assaults

Brain Inj. 2010;24(12):1389-98. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2010.523042.


Primary objective: To compare socio-demographic, medical characteristics and acute outcomes between patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) from motor vehicle collision (MVC) or assault in an acute care setting.

Research design: This descriptive, comparative retrospective cohort study included 415 patients with moderate and severe TBI secondary to an assault (n¼91) vs a motor vehicle collision (n=324).

Methods and procedures: Outcome measures were length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit and in hospital, Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS-E), FIM® instrument (‘FIM’) and discharge destination.

Main outcomes and results: Patients with TBI from MVC had a higher percentage of polytrauma, higher injury severity scores, required more orthopaedic surgeries and thoracic drain insertions. Patients with TBI from assault were more often non-Caucasian, young single men, less educated with higher unemployment rates and criminal records, with a history of alcohol and drug abuse and were more often intoxicated on admission. There was no significant group difference in the LOS and FIM ratings, but patients with assault-related TBI were more often discharged home and had a more favourable GOS-E.

Conclusion: Variables such as injury severity, age, level of intoxication on admission and presence of surgeries should be considered when determining acute outcome.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adult
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Brain Injuries / physiopathology
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation
  • Crime Victims / rehabilitation
  • Crime Victims / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Trauma Severity Indices
  • Young Adult