Lipid monolayers have traditionally been used in electron microscopy (EM) to form two-dimensional (2D) protein arrays for structural studies by electron crystallography. More recently, monolayers containing Nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid (Ni-NTA) lipids have been used to combine the purification and preparation of single-particle EM specimens of His-tagged proteins into a single, convenient step. This monolayer purification technique was further simplified by introducing the Affinity Grid, an EM grid that features a predeposited Ni-NTA lipid-containing monolayer. In this contribution, we provide a detailed description for the use of monolayer purification and Affinity Grids, discuss their advantages and limitations, and present examples to illustrate specific applications of the methods.
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