Background & aims: Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL) is a rare and usually fatal lymphoma that primarily affects men younger than 35 years old. Treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) using antibodies to tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNFs) and thiopurines has been associated with HSTCL. We investigated the medications, duration of therapy, and ages of patients associated with HSTCL.
Methods: We collected and analyzed data on the association between HSTCL, and anti-TNF and thiopurine therapies in patients with IBD from published reports and the MedWatch reporting system of the US Food and Drug Administration.
Results: Of 36 patients with HSTCL, 20 received therapy with infliximab and a thiopurine and 16 received a thiopurine as monotherapy for IBD. Four patients who had been treated with infliximab and a thiopurine also received adalimumab. One of these patients had been given infliximab, adalimumab, and natalizumab. Of 31 patients of known gender, only 2 were female. Twenty-seven of the 30 patients of known age were younger than 35 years old.
Conclusions: Most patients with HSTCL who received long-term therapy (at least 2 y) with thiopurines for IBD were men younger than 35 years old. There were no reported cases of HSTCL in patients with IBD who received only anti-TNF therapy. Physicians should consider giving thiopurines and anti-TNF agents to young male patients with IBD only in cases in which a clear benefit is expected, such as in early stage disease in untreated patients or possibly in very severe cases.
Copyright © 2011 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.