To assess the impact of manufacturing changes on antibody structure and function during the course of product development, three comparability studies were performed for each of two different IgG1 monoclonal antibody product candidates. Comparability study #1 evaluated the effect of changing the cell line and bulk drug substance manufacturing process for cell culture and purification. Results indicated that these process changes led to differences in sialylation of N-glycans and/or C-terminal lysine levels. Comparability study #2 results confirmed that scale-up of the bulk process and transfer to the commercial site, combined with changing from a lyophilized to a liquid dosage form, did not impact the structural or functional integrity of the antibodies. Comparability study #3 examined possible differences arising when the liquid formulation filled into pre-filled syringes and vials. Results indicated nearly identical molecular structure, biological activity, and degradation profiles except for a small yet statistically significant increase in the levels of subvisible particles in pre-filled syringes. These results from comparability studies with two different monoclonal antibodies are discussed with respect to the timing of the manufacturing changes and overall comparability strategies to assure safety and efficacy during development.
Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.