A2B5-reactive ganglioside expression determines the differentiation stage and capacity of rat insulinoma (RIN) sublines

Cell Differ Dev. 1990 Oct;32(1):39-46. doi: 10.1016/0922-3371(90)90097-g.

Abstract

We have generated rat insulinoma (RIN) sublines AlGh, m5F, A12, A13 and AhGh with increasing surface expression of the A2B5 ganglioside, a marker of differentiation. We asked whether the capacity of the sublines to differentiate was related to their stage of differentiation, as is characteristic of cells within the normal beta-cell lineage. To answer this, we measured the effect of the differentiation inducer sodium butyrate (NaB, 1 mM) on proliferation, insulin content, secretion and biosynthesis, and the expression of A2B5 and 3G5 gangliosides by the sublines. Six days after exposure to NaB, cell numbers/dish ranged from (1-3) x 10(6) compared to (4-6) x 10(6) in control cultures. By day 2, AlGh, m5F, A12, A13 and AhGh cells exposed to NaB contained 1.5-, 1.4-, 1.4-, 1.2- and 1.0-fold higher amounts of insulin, respectively, and by day 6, 3.6-, 2.3- and 1.0-fold higher, and 1.2- and 2.4-fold lower, amounts of insulin, respectively, than control cells. After 2 days, insulin secretion from AlGh, m5F, A12, A13 and AhGh cells was 1.7-, 1.0-, 1.5-, 1.0- and 1.0-fold higher, respectively, and the rate of (pro)insulin biosynthesis 1.7-, 2.3-, 1.3-, 1.0- and 1.0-fold higher, respectively, than control cells. After 6 days, A2B5 ganglioside expression was increased 3-, 1.9- and 2-fold on m5F, A12 and A13 cells, respectively, but was not significantly altered on AlGh and AhGh cells. 3G5 ganglioside expression was increased 1.5- and 8.4-fold, respectively, on AlGh and m5F cells, but was unaltered on A12, A13 and AhGh cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Line
  • Clone Cells
  • Gangliosides / biosynthesis*
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Islets of Langerhans / cytology*
  • Rats

Substances

  • Gangliosides
  • Insulin
  • ganglioside A2B5