A longitudinal study of the relationships among alcohol use, marijuana/hashish use, cocaine use, and emotional/psychological functioning problems in a cohort of high-risk youths

Int J Addict. 1990 Nov;25(11):1341-82. doi: 10.3109/10826089009056224.


There is increasing recognition that children involved in the justice system often have serious, multiple problems in the areas of physical abuse, sexual exploitation, and alcohol/other drug use (ADM). Using data collected in a longitudinal study of detained juveniles, we test a model of the relationships of these problems. Significant over-time interrelationships are found among these problems. Research and policy implications of these important findings are drawn.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Alcoholism / complications*
  • Alcoholism / epidemiology
  • Child Abuse / epidemiology
  • Child Abuse, Sexual / epidemiology
  • Cocaine*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Juvenile Delinquency / psychology*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Marijuana Abuse / complications*
  • Marijuana Abuse / epidemiology
  • Mental Disorders / complications*
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Concept
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Control, Formal*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / complications*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology


  • Cocaine