In 1967, the American Board of Pediatrics and the American Board of Internal Medicine uniformly recognized the 4-year combined medicine and pediatrics training program. Since that time, the number of combined internal medicine and pediatrics programs has increased. Today, there are more than 78 combined residency programs with more than 354 first-year residency positions throughout the United States. Medicine/pediatrics residency programs give the resident the opportunity to rotate 24 months in each specialty. Graduates of combined medicine/pediatrics residency programs have several career options available to them. In 2007, a total of 55% of medicine/pediatrics residents went into primary care practice, 18% went into subspecialty training, 17% went into hospital medicine, and 10% chose other careers.