Phenovariance may be obscured when genetic mapping is performed using highly divergent strains, and closely similar strains are preferred if adequate marker density can be established. We sequenced the C57BL/10J mouse genome using the Applied Biosystems SOLiD platform and here describe a genome-wide panel of informative markers that permits the mapping of mutations induced on the closely related C57BL/6J background by outcrossing to C57BL/10J, and backcrossing or intercrossing. The panel consists of 127 single nucleotide polymorphisms validated by capillary sequencing: 124 spaced at ∼20-Mb intervals across the 19 autosomes, and three markers on the X chromosome. We determined the genetic relationship between four C57BL-derived substrains and used the panel to map two N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced mutations responsible for visible phenotypes in C57BL/6J mice through bulk segregation analysis. Capillary sequencing, with computation of relative chromatogram peak heights, was used to determine the proportion of alleles from each strain at each marker.