Severe anaemia in pregnancy: a tertiary hospital experience from northern India

J Obstet Gynaecol. 2010;30(7):694-6. doi: 10.3109/01443615.2010.509821.


Anaemia is a major health problem among woman of reproductive age group, particularly in developing countries. We undertook this study to determine the maternal and perinatal outcome in patients with severe anaemia in pregnancy, with a haemoglobin concentration of < 7 g/dl. The in-hospital data were analysed for 12 months between January 2007 and December 2007 and 2.15% (n = 96) of women were found to have severe anaemia. Out of these, 18.75% had pre-term premature rupture of membranes and 5.12% of all deliveries were pre-term. Hypertensive diseases of pregnancy were seen in 17.7%; abruption in 3.12% and 9.37% had congestive cardiac failure. Postpartum haemorrhage was seen in 25.5% of the patients and 8.33% had puerperal pyrexia. Fetal distress was seen in 26% of and 33.33% had small for gestational age neonates; there were 16.66% stillbirths and 4.16% neonatal deaths. Of the 96 severely anaemic women, six died after admission. Our study shows that efforts must be taken towards safe motherhood and spreading awareness about the various consequences of anaemia, which is usually preventable with early correction.

MeSH terms

  • Academic Medical Centers / statistics & numerical data
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anemia / blood*
  • Anemia / mortality*
  • Female
  • Hemoglobins
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Iron / blood
  • Morbidity
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage / blood
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage / mortality
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / blood*
  • Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / mortality*
  • Prevalence
  • Severity of Illness Index*
  • Stillbirth / epidemiology
  • Young Adult


  • Hemoglobins
  • Iron