Background: Diabetic cardiomyopathy has been characterized by an early impairment of left ventricular (LV) longitudinal function as opposed to preserved LV radial function.
Methods: Conventional echocardiography and longitudinal (ε(L)) and radial (ε(R)) systolic strain assessed by speckle-tracking imaging were obtained in 114 type 2 diabetic patients and 88 age-matched controls.
Results: LV ejection fraction was similar in diabetic patients and controls. The presence of subclinical LV systolic dysfunction in diabetic patients was demonstrated by lower values of midwall fractional shortening (18% ± 3% vs 20% ± 3%, P = .006), ε(L) (-19% ± 3% vs -22% ± 2%, P < .001), and ε(R) (50% ± 16% vs 56% ± 12%, P = .003) compared with controls. On multivariate analysis, factors predicting strain values were diabetes (P = .001) and gender (P = .001) for ε(L) and diabetes (P = .003) for ε(R).
Conclusion: Diabetic patients without overt heart disease display subclinical alteration of both radial and longitudinal LV systolic function even after adjustment for blood pressure, age, and body mass index.
Copyright © 2010 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.