Background: Limb ischemia is a major complication in patients who are receiving hemodialysis (HD). In this study, distinctive features and factors affecting the outcome of HD patients with limb ischemia are identified.
Methods and results: One hundred and eighty consecutive symptomatic limb ischemic patients who were or were not receiving HD and who successfully underwent surgical bypass grafting (bypass, n=75) or endovascular angioplasty (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), n=105) were retrospectively compared at our hospital. The endpoint of this study was amputation of the ischemic leg or death. Median follow up was 2.25 years. The amputation-free survival of HD patients was significantly lower than that of non-HD patients (P<0.0001). In the bypass group, the amputation-free survival of HD patients was significantly lower than that of non-HD patients (P=0.0002), even if the graft was patented or not (P=0.77). In contrast, in the PTA group, the amputation-free survival of HD patients was lower than that of non-HD patients (P=0.03), and with a significantly lower patency rate (P=0.0004). Predictors of amputation-free survival differed between HD and non-HD patients; predictors were diabetes mellitus and gender in HD patients, while they were Fontaine classification and hyperlipidemia in non-HD patients. The infectious death rate was higher in HD patients than in non-HD patients (53% vs 22%, P<0.05).
Conclusions: This study clearly showed a poorer prognosis in HD patients than in non-HD patients especially after bypass surgery, even if the the graft was patented or not.