The first images of nerve cells: Golgi on the olfactory bulb 1875

Brain Res Rev. 2011 Jan 7;66(1-2):92-105. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2010.09.009. Epub 2010 Nov 13.


The third paper by Camillo Golgi on his new method was on the olfactory bulb. This paper has never been translated into English, but is of special interest both for its pioneering description of olfactory bulb cells and for containing the first illustration by Golgi of cells stained with his new method. A translation into English is provided in this paper, together with commentaries on the significant points in his descriptions. These results are placed in the perspective of Cajal's subsequent first publication on the olfactory bulb and brief mention of the work of other early histologists. This perspective allows one to see more clearly Golgi's fundamental contributions to the olfactory bulb in particular and to the description of the neuronal architecture of the brain in general.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Anatomy, Artistic / history
  • Animals
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • Medical Illustration / history*
  • Neuroanatomy / history*
  • Neurons / cytology*
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Olfactory Bulb / cytology*
  • Olfactory Bulb / physiology
  • Silver Staining / history

Personal name as subject

  • Camillo Golgi