Rheumatoid arthritis: a role for immunosenescence?

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Aug;58(8):1565-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.02965.x. Epub 2010 Jul 19.


Aging is accompanied by a progressive decline in the integrity of the immune system, a process known as immunosenescence. Pathological features typical of immune dysfunction in older adults, encompassing dysregulation of innate and adaptive immune responses, characterize rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune disease whose incidence increases with age. Recent evidence suggests that certain features of immunosenescence, such as the decrease in T-cell generation and diversity, may contribute to the development of RA. Thus, physiological immunosenescence may render older adults susceptible to RA, and premature immunosenescence may contribute to the development of RA in young adults. In addition, other features of immunosenescence may result from the chronic immune stimulation that occurs in RA and lead to worsening of the disease. This article reviews the immunopathological features common to aging and RA and discusses the mechanisms by which immunosenescence may contribute to the development or progression of RA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptive Immunity / physiology
  • Aging / immunology*
  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte / physiology
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / immunology*
  • Autoimmunity / physiology
  • B-Lymphocytes / physiology
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / physiology
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cytokines / physiology
  • Dendritic Cells / physiology
  • Humans
  • Immune System / physiology
  • Leukocyte Count
  • T-Lymphocytes / physiology


  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte
  • Cytokines