Introduction: Cylindrical cell papillomas are rare tumours which usually arise in the sinonasal region.
Case report: We report a case of a nasopharyngeal cylindrical cell papilloma in a 56-year-old man who presented with a four-month history of right-sided hearing loss, otalgia, vertigo and tinnitus. Investigation revealed a soft, nodular lesion obstructing the pharyngeal opening of the right eustachian tube; this was treated by wide endoscopic excision.
Conclusion: Cylindrical cell papilloma is a possible cause of eustachian tube obstruction in adults. Effective treatment of these lesions usually requires wide endoscopic excision, in order not to miss coexistent carcinoma.