Molecular characterization of Echinococcus granulosus from Peru by sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 gene

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2010 Sep;105(6):806-10. doi: 10.1590/s0074-02762010000600013.


Echinococcus granulosus, the etiologic agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans and other animal species, is distributed worldwide. Ten intra-specific variants, or genotypes (G1-G10), have been defined based on genetic diversity. To determine the genotypes present in endemic areas of Peru, samples were collected from cattle (44), sheep (41) and humans (14) from Junín, Puno Huancavelica, Cusco, Arequipa and Ayacucho. DNA was extracted from protoscolex and/or germinal layers derived from 99 E. granulosus isolates and used as templates to amplify the mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 gene. The resulting polymerase chain reaction products were sequenced and further examined by sequence analysis. All isolates, independent of the host, exhibited the G1 genotype. Phylogenetic analysis showed that three isolates from Ayacucho shared the same cluster with microvariant G1(4). The G1 genotype is considered the most widespread and infectious form of E. granulosus worldwide and our results confirm that the same patterns apply to this country. Therefore, these findings should be taken into consideration in developing prevention strategies and control programs for CE in Peru.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cattle
  • DNA, Helminth / analysis*
  • Echinococcosis / epidemiology
  • Echinococcosis / parasitology*
  • Echinococcosis / veterinary
  • Echinococcus granulosus / classification
  • Echinococcus granulosus / enzymology
  • Echinococcus granulosus / genetics*
  • Echinococcus granulosus / isolation & purification
  • Electron Transport Complex IV / genetics*
  • Endemic Diseases
  • Genes, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peru
  • Phylogeny
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sheep


  • DNA, Helminth
  • Electron Transport Complex IV