Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a serum arylsulfatase that metabolizes organophosphate pesticides and protects low-density lipoprotein from oxidation. Case-control studies of PON1 genetic variants in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) have revealed some positive albeit inconsistent associations with 2 PON1 coding polymorphisms: Q192R (rs662) and L55M (rs854560). Because AD and PD exist along a spectrum of disorders with shared epidemiologic, clinical, and pathologic features, here we evaluated PON1 variants in a cohort of 746 AD, 566 PD, 132 AD-PD, and 719 cognitively normal age-matched controls. In the combined AD and Caucasian PD cohorts we had 80% power to detect a relative risk of at least 1.25 and 1.35, respectively, for each polymorphism. We found no association between 2 PON1 coding polymorphisms and AD in African Americans or Caucasians, and no association with PD or AD-PD in Caucasians. There was also no evidence of an interaction between PON1 and apolipoprotein E for any of these diseases. Our results suggest that either these functional PON1 polymorphisms are not associated with AD and PD spectrum disorders, or that the relative risk conferred is small.
Published by Elsevier Inc.