Background: Existing evidence has suggested that bariatric surgery produces sustainable weight loss and remission or cure of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has garnered considerable interest as a low morbidity bariatric surgical procedure that leads to effective weight loss and control of co-morbid disease. The objective of the present study was to systematically review the effect of LSG on type 2 DM.
Methods: An electronic data search of MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Dare, Clinical Evidence, TRIP, Health Technology Database, Conference abstracts, clinical trials, and the Cochrane Library database was completed. The search terms used included LSG, vertical gastrectomy, bariatric surgery, metabolic surgery, and diabetes (DM), type 2 DM, or co-morbidities. All human studies, not limited to those in the English language, that had been reported from 2000 to April 2010 were included.
Results: After an initial screen of 3621 titles, 289 abstracts were reviewed, and 28 studies met the inclusion criteria and the full report was assessed. One study was excluded after a careful assessment because the investigators had combined LSG with ileal interposition. A total of 27 studies and 673 patients were analyzed. The baseline mean body mass index for the 673 patients was 47.4 kg/m(2) (range 31.0-53.5). The mean percentage of excess weight loss was 47.3% (range 6.3-74.6%), with a mean follow-up of 13.1 months (range 3-36). DM had resolved in 66.2% of the patients, improved in 26.9%, and remained stable in 13.1%. The mean decrease in blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c after sleeve gastrectomy was -88.2 mg/dL and -1.7%, respectively.
Conclusion: Most patients with type 2 DM experienced resolution or improvement in DM markers after LSG. LSG might play an important role as a metabolic therapy for patients with type 2 DM.
Copyright © 2010 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.