Background: Progressive secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) is characterized by parathyroid gland hyperplasia which may ultimately require parathyroidectomy (PTX). Although PTX is generally a successful treatment for those patients subjected to surgery, a significant proportion develops recurrent sHPT following PTX. ECHO was a pan-European observational study which evaluated the achievement of KDOQI(TM) treatment targets with cinacalcet use in patients on dialysis. Previously published results showed that cinacalcet plus flexible vitamin D therapy lowered serum PTH, phosphorus and calcium in the clinical practice with similar efficacy as seen in phase III trials.
Methods: This subgroup analysis of ECHO describes the real-world cinacalcet treatment effect in patients with recurrent or persistent sHPT after PTX (n = 153) compared to sHPT patients without prior history of PTX (n = 1696).
Results: Both groups of patients had substantially elevated serum PTH with comparable sHPT severity at baseline. After 12 months of cinacalcet treatment, 20.3% (26/128) of patients with prior PTX and 18.2% (253/1388) of patients without prior PTX achieved serum PTH and Ca × P values within the recommended KDOQI(TM) target ranges.
Conclusions: Our data support the successful use of cinacalcet in patients with recurrent/persistent sHPT after PTX.