The impact of chewing sugarless gum on the acidogenicity of fast-food meals

Am J Dent. 1990 Dec;3(6):231-5.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of chewing sorbitol gum on plaque pH following the ingestion of acidogenic fast-food meals. Plaque pH response was monitored using an indwelling wire-telemetry system in five adult panelists. From a pilot study with 12 fast-food meals, the most acidogenic breakfast, lunch and dinner were selected for this study. In the first test, the fasted, resting plaque pH was recorded for 5 minutes; panelists ingested the selected meals for 10 minutes, rinsed thoroughly with 50 ml of tap water, and the pH response was monitored for the remainder of a 2-hour period. In the second test series, the same procedures were followed through the post-meal ingestion rinse. After the pH response to the meal was monitored for 5 minutes, the panelists chewed a sorbitol gum for 15 minutes in their usual manner and the panelists were encouraged to move the gum around their mouth, however, it appeared as if they favored the side of their mouth without the partial denture. The pH response was monitored for the balance of the 2-hour period. All panelists ate the test foods, with and without the chewing gum, according to a randomized-block test design. The results indicated that the use of sorbitol gum significantly raised the plaque pH, prevented the subsequent pH drops after the fast-food meal ingestion and reduced the pH curve area under 5.5.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chewing Gum*
  • Dental Plaque / prevention & control*
  • Diet, Cariogenic*
  • Food
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration / drug effects
  • Sorbitol / pharmacology*
  • Telemetry

Substances

  • Chewing Gum
  • Sorbitol