The UCSC Genome Browser database: update 2011

Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan;39(Database issue):D876-82. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkq963. Epub 2010 Oct 18.


The University of California, Santa Cruz Genome Browser ( offers online access to a database of genomic sequence and annotation data for a wide variety of organisms. The Browser also has many tools for visualizing, comparing and analyzing both publicly available and user-generated genomic data sets, aligning sequences and uploading user data. Among the features released this year are a gene search tool and annotation track drag-reorder functionality as well as support for BAM and BigWig/BigBed file formats. New display enhancements include overlay of multiple wiggle tracks through use of transparent coloring, options for displaying transformed wiggle data, a 'mean+whiskers' windowing function for display of wiggle data at high zoom levels, and more color schemes for microarray data. New data highlights include seven new genome assemblies, a Neandertal genome data portal, phenotype and disease association data, a human RNA editing track, and a zebrafish Conservation track. We also describe updates to existing tracks.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Databases, Genetic*
  • Disease / genetics
  • Genes
  • Genome, Human
  • Genomics*
  • Hominidae / genetics
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Phenotype
  • RNA Editing
  • Software