Background: No studies to date have demonstrated a clear association with breast cancer risk and dietary exposure to acrylamide.
Methods: A 217-item food frequency questionnaire was used to estimate dietary acrylamide intake in 33,731 women aged 35-69 years from the UK Women's Cohort Study followed up for a median of 11 years.
Results: In all, 1084 incident breast cancers occurred during follow-up. There was no evidence of an overall association between acrylamide intake and breast cancer (hazard ratio=1.08 per 10 μg day(-1), 95% CI: 0.98-1.18, P(trend)=0.1). There was a suggestion of a possible weak positive association between dietary acrylamide intake and premenopausal breast cancer after adjustment for potential confounders (hazard ratio=1.2, 95% CI: 1.0-1.3, P(trend)=0.008). There was no suggestion of any association for postmenopausal breast cancer (hazard ratio=1.0, 95% CI: 0.9-1.1, P(trend)=0.99).
Conclusions: There is no evidence of an association between dietary acrylamide intake and breast cancer. A weak association may exist with premenopausal breast cancer, but requires further investigation.