Update on the role of endothelial lipase in high-density lipoprotein metabolism, reverse cholesterol transport, and atherosclerosis

Circ J. 2010 Nov;74(11):2263-70. doi: 10.1253/circj.cj-10-0934. Epub 2010 Oct 15.

Abstract

Endothelial lipase (EL) is a phospholipase that belongs to the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) family, which includes LPL and hepatic lipase (HL). Similar to LPL and HL, EL regulates lipoprotein metabolism, mainly high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism and HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in humans and mice. Existing data strongly suggest that inhibition of EL in humans would be expected to increase the HDL-C level. However, it has not been definitively established whether the effect of EL activity on HDL-C levels translates into effects on reverse cholesterol transport or atherosclerosis. The available data regarding the impact of EL expression and activity on HDL metabolism, reverse cholesterol transport, and atherosclerosis are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atherosclerosis / drug therapy
  • Atherosclerosis / enzymology*
  • Atherosclerosis / genetics
  • Biological Transport
  • Cardiovascular Agents / pharmacology
  • Cholesterol / metabolism*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects
  • Endothelium, Vascular / enzymology*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Lipase / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Lipase / genetics
  • Lipase / metabolism*
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Substances

  • Cardiovascular Agents
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Cholesterol
  • LIPG protein, human
  • Lipase
  • Lipg protein, mouse