Relationships between glucose excursion and the activation of oxidative stress in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose regulation

Endocrine. 2010 Feb;37(1):201-8. doi: 10.1007/s12020-009-9296-6. Epub 2010 Jan 5.

Abstract

The effect of glucose excursions on oxidative stress is an important topic in diabetes research. We investigated this relationship by analyzing markers of oxidative stress and glycemic data from a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in 30 individuals with normal glucose regulation (NGR), 27 subjects with impaired glucose regulation (IGR), and 27 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We compared the mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (MAGE), mean postprandial glucose excursion (MPPGE), and mean postprandial incremental area under the curve (IAUC) with plasma levels of oxidative stress markers 8-iso-PGF2α, 8-OH-dG, and protein carbonyl content in the study subjects. Patients with T2DM or IGR had significantly higher glucose excursions and plasma levels of oxidative stress markers compared to normal controls (P < 0.01 or 0.05). Multiple linear regression analyses showed significant relationships between MAGE and plasma 8-iso-PGF2α, and between MPPGE and plasma 8-OH-dG in patients with IGR or T2DM (P < 0.01 or 0.05). Furthermore, 2h-postprandial glucose level and IAUC were related to plasma protein carbonyl content in the study cohort including T2DM and IGR (P < 0.01). We demonstrate that glucose excursions in subjects with IGR and T2DM trigger the activation of oxidative stress.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Cohort Studies
  • Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives
  • Deoxyguanosine / blood
  • Diabetes Complications / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Complications / prevention & control
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology*
  • Dinoprost / analogs & derivatives
  • Dinoprost / blood
  • Female
  • Glucose Intolerance / blood*
  • Glucose Intolerance / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / physiopathology*
  • Hypoglycemia / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology*
  • Postprandial Period
  • Protein Carbonylation

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Glucose
  • 8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha
  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Dinoprost
  • Deoxyguanosine