Aim: Vertebroplasty (VP) and kyphoplasty (KP) are minimally invasive methods for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCF). In this study, we aimed to present our experience with VP and KP performed under local anesthesia and percutaneously.
Material and methods: Between 2002 and 2008, 91 patients (total 112 vertebrae) with VCF due to osteoporosis, tumor and trauma underwent VP or KP. After radiological and routine evaluations, all patients were operated under local anesthesia. Mean operation time was 20 minutes per vertebrae. We never stopped the operation because of intolerance of any patient and all of them were discharged on the day of operation or the next day except one.
Results: All patients had severe back pain. Mean preoperative Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score for pain was 8.3 and the mean postoperative value was 2.7. Mean anterior wall and mid-vertebral body heights increased by 32% and 43%, respectively. The mean kyphotic angle decreased from 15.4 to 11.2. Cement leakage was observed in 4 patients and one of them underwent an open operation (decompression and stabilization) because of cement leakage to the epidural space. There was no other complication.
Conclusion: Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are safe, effective and minimally invasive procedures. Elderly patients can thefore avoid the potential complications of general surgery and be mobilized and discharged early.