The preventive effect of beta-alanyl-L-histidinato zinc (AHZ) on the toxic action of aluminium on bone metabolism was investigated in the femoral diaphysis of weanling rats. Aluminium chloride (5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 mumol A1/100 g body weight) was orally administered for 3 days. The dose of 10.0 and 20.0 mumol A1/100 g caused a significant increase in serum calcium concentration and bone acid phosphatase activity, while bone alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium content were not altered significantly. Moreover, the bone DNA content was significantly decreased by the doses of 10.0 and 20.0 mumol A1/100 g. Meanwhile, the increase in serum calcium concentration caused by the administration of aluminium (20 mumol/100 g) was completely prevented by the simultaneous administration of AHZ (1.0 and 2.5 mg/100 g) for 3 days, although AHZ alone did not have any effect. Also, the effects of aluminium (20.0 mumol/100 g) to increase bone acid phosphatase activity and to decrease the bone DNA content were completely blocked by the simultaneous administration of AHZ (1.0 and 2.5 mg/100 g). AHZ (1.0 and 2.5 mg/100 g) alone had the effect to increase bone DNA content but not bone acid phosphatase activity. The present study indicates that AHZ can prevent the revelation of the toxic effect of aluminium on bone metabolism in rats.