Methyl-beta-cyclodextrin induces mitochondrial cholesterol depletion and alters the mitochondrial structure and bioenergetics

FEBS Lett. 2010 Nov 19;584(22):4606-10. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2010.10.023. Epub 2010 Oct 20.


There is growing evidence of mitochondrial membrane raft-like microdomains that are involved in the apoptotic pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MβCD), being a well-known lipid microdomain disrupting agent and cholesterol chelator, on the structure and bioenergetics of rat liver mitochondria (RLM). We observed that MβCD decreases the function of RLM, induces changes in the mitochondrial configuration state and decreases the calcium chloride-induced swelling. These data suggest that disruption of mitochondrial raft-like microdomains by cholesterol efflux on one hand impairs mitochondrial bioenergetics, but on the other hand it protects the mitochondria from swelling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium Chloride / pharmacology
  • Cholesterol / metabolism*
  • Energy Metabolism / drug effects*
  • Membrane Microdomains / chemistry
  • Membrane Microdomains / drug effects
  • Membrane Microdomains / metabolism
  • Mitochondria / chemistry
  • Mitochondria / drug effects*
  • Mitochondria / enzymology
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • NADH Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • beta-Cyclodextrins / pharmacology*


  • beta-Cyclodextrins
  • methyl-beta-cyclodextrin
  • Cholesterol
  • NADH Dehydrogenase
  • Calcium Chloride