[Initiation of domiciliary non-invasive ventilation: proposals of the Casavni working party]

Rev Mal Respir. 2010 Oct;27(8):874-89. doi: 10.1016/j.rmr.2010.08.008.
[Article in French]


Introduction: In France, there are no good practice guidelines or a regulatory framework for the initiation of long term non-invasive ventilation (NIV).

Methods: The ANTADIR federation set up a working party to examine the feasibility of new methods of initiation of NIV and to consider the possibility of initiation in the home. Two problems were considered: (1) logistical and technical requirements, (2) the responsibilities of the professions involved and the regulatory framework.

Results: Clinical effectiveness, improvement in quality of life and adherence to treatment are similar whether NIV is initiated in hospital or at home. Domiciliary management is possible only when the patient is clinically stable. It should be undertaken by a competent physician or, on medical prescription, by a physiotherapist. A nurse or trained technician may check the apparatus but should not initiate NIV alone. Installation of domiciliary NIV should be considered under the following conditions: patients with spontaneous ventilation, availability of urgent assistance and appropriate family support. Close surveillance of the quality of ventilation is necessary, whether in hospital or at home. For the initiation of domiciliary NIV each professional involved needs a clear understanding of his/her role.

Conclusion: Academic societies should propose good practice guidelines for the initiation of NIV. Domiciliary initiation is possible under certain conditions and the results are as good as those obtained in hospital.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Feasibility Studies
  • France
  • Home Care Services* / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Home Care Services* / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Man-Machine Systems
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Nurse's Role
  • Patient Care Team
  • Patient Selection
  • Physician's Role
  • Polysomnography
  • Positive-Pressure Respiration* / instrumentation
  • Positive-Pressure Respiration* / nursing
  • Positive-Pressure Respiration* / standards
  • Pulmonary Medicine
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / nursing
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / therapy