Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if carbonic anhydrase inhibitors can restore their efficacy after a period of discontinued use in patients with cystic foveal lesions who demonstrated subsequent worsening in the extent of their foveal cysts after initially exhibiting a favorable response to treatment.
Methods: Retrospective chart review was conducted on all patients with retinitis pigmentosa or X-linked retinoschisis who were either currently on treatment or had been treated with carbonic anhydrase inhibitors for cystic macular lesions. A total of three patients were included in the study.
Results: All three patients exhibited a recurrence of their cystic macular lesions while on treatment with carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. After discontinuing treatment for a period of 1 month to 6 months, all patients showed a favorable response to retreatment as monitored with optical coherence tomography scans.
Conclusion: The present study shows that patients who show signs of recurring macular cysts while still on treatment can have a favorable response when treatment is reinstated after a period of discontinued use of a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor.