Exercise self-regulation among older women participating in a heart disease-management intervention

J Women Aging. 2010;22(4):255-72. doi: 10.1080/08952841.2010.518874.

Abstract

Using behavioral self-regulation processes may facilitate exercise among older women with heart disease. Data from women in a heart disease-management program (n = 658, mean 73 years), was used to explore associations among exercise self-regulation components (i.e., choosing to improve exercise and observing, judging, and reacting to one's behavior) and exercise capacity. General linear models showed that choosing exercise predicted higher exercise self-regulation scores postprogram and 8 months later. In turn, these scores predicted greater improvements in exercise capacity concurrently and 8 months later. Interaction analyses revealed that the effect of self-regulation on exercise capacity was stronger among women who chose to work on exercise.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Exercise / psychology*
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Middle Aged
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Control, Informal*