Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a 2.5% polyacrylamide hydrogel in the aesthetic enhancement of nasolabial folds.
Methods and materials: The safety and efficacy of a polyacrylamide hydrogel were compared with those of nonanimal stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) in 315 subjects in a double-blind, randomized, multicenter, noninferiority trial with a 12-month follow-up. The primary efficacy end point was mean change in Wrinkle Assessment Scale (WAS) scores at 6 months. The primary safety end point was rate of serious adverse events (AEs) through 12 months after treatment.
Results: Polyacrylamide hydrogel was as effective as NASHA, and effectiveness persisted throughout the 12-month follow-up. Treatment-related AEs occurred with equal incidence; most were mild to moderate, transient, and related to injection procedure. One serious AE (infection) was thought to be related to treatment with polyacrylamide hydrogel; it resolved within 5 days after appropriate treatment.
Conclusion: This 2.5% polyacrylamide hydrogel offers promise as a long-lasting soft tissue filler. It is well tolerated, as effective as NASHA in correction of nasolabial folds, and persistent. Longer evaluation is required to evaluate longer-term safety and demonstrate duration of effect beyond 12 months. This
© 2010 by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Inc.