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, 57 (3), 1301-11

Multigene Phylogeny of the Southern Bull-Kelp Genus Durvillaea (Phaeophyceae: Fucales)


Multigene Phylogeny of the Southern Bull-Kelp Genus Durvillaea (Phaeophyceae: Fucales)

Ceridwen I Fraser et al. Mol Phylogenet Evol.


Durvillaea (southern bull-kelp) is an economically and ecologically important brown algal genus that dominates many exposed, rocky coasts in the cold-temperate Southern Hemisphere. Of its five currently-recognized species, four are non-buoyant and restricted to the south-western Pacific, whereas one is both buoyant and widely distributed. Durvillaea has had an unsettled taxonomic history. Although its position within the brown algae (Phaeophyceae) has now been largely resolved through the use of molecular techniques, the taxonomic status of several Durvillaea species/morphotypes remains unresolved. Previous molecular phylogenetic studies of phaeophycean taxa have included few Durvillaea samples, and have consequently paid little or no attention to variation within this genus. The current study presents phylogenetic analyses of four genetic markers (mitchondrial: COI; chloroplast: rbcL; and nuclear: 18S and 28S) to resolve phylogenetic relationships within Durvillaea. Results support the monophyly of solid-bladed taxa D. willana, D. potatorum, and D. sp. A (an undescribed species from the Antipodes Islands), whereas the widespread, buoyant D. antarctica is paraphyletic, with solid-bladed D.chathamensis placed sister to a D. antarctica clade from northern NZ but within D. antarctica sensu lato. The phylogenetic and ecological diversity detected within D. antarctica indicate that it is a species complex of five deeply divergent clades. Under a phylogenetic species concept, Durvillaea can be interpreted as a complex of nine distinct evolutionary lineages, only one of which has an intercontinental distribution ('subantarctic'D. antarctica).

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