Effect of vitamin A deficiency on oxalate uptake by rat intestinal brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) and its contribution towards urolithiasis

J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1990 Dec;36(6):579-86. doi: 10.3177/jnsv.36.579.


The intestinal uptake of [14C]oxalate, [14C]glyoxylate, and [14C]glycolate are studied in brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) isolated from vitamin A-deficient and pair-fed control rats. The data obtained indicate that oxalate and its precursors are transported across the BBMV by passive diffusion. The intestinal uptake of glyoxylate and glycolate remains unaltered in vitamin A deficiency, while uptake rate of oxalate was significantly increased (p less than 0.01) in vitamin A-deficient rats as compared to pair-fed controls. In conclusion, the results indicate that vitamin A deficiency leads to hyperabsorption of oxalate through the gut.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glycolates / metabolism
  • Glyoxylates / metabolism
  • Jejunum
  • Male
  • Microvilli / metabolism*
  • Organ Size
  • Oxalates / metabolism*
  • Oxalic Acid
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Sodium / pharmacology
  • Urinary Calculi / etiology*
  • Vitamin A Deficiency / complications
  • Vitamin A Deficiency / metabolism*


  • Glycolates
  • Glyoxylates
  • Oxalates
  • glycolic acid
  • Oxalic Acid
  • Sodium
  • Glucose
  • glyoxylic acid