Reduced-antigen-content diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertussis (dTpa) vaccines are predominantly recommended for once-in-a-lifetime use. A second dTpa (Boostrix™, GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) administration in 164 adults previously vaccinated with dTpa 10 years previously was evaluated. Before the decennial booster, 89.4% and 94.8% subjects were seroprotected (antibodies ≥0.1 IU/mL) for diphtheria and tetanus, respectively. One-month post-booster, all subjects were seroprotected/seropositive against all vaccine antigens. Robust GMC increases indicated a booster response similar to the first booster. The decennial booster was well tolerated without serious adverse events, consistent with product experience. This study supports replacing traditional Td boosters with dTpa, and use of Boostrix™ as a decennial booster. This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.com NCT00548171.
Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.