Positive modulators at benzodiazepine sites of α2- and α3-containing GABA(A) receptors are believed to be anxiolytic. Negative allosteric modulators of α5-containing GABA(A) receptors enhance cognition. By oocyte two-electrode voltage clamp and subsequent structure-activity relationship studies, we discovered cinnoline and quinoline derivatives that were both positive modulators at α2-/α3-containing GABA(A) receptors and negative modulators at α5-containing GABA(A) receptors. In addition, these compounds showed no functional activity at α1-containing GABA(A) receptors. Such dual functional modulators of GABA(A) receptors might be useful for treating comorbidity of anxiety and cognitive impairments in neurological and psychiatric illnesses.
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.