Properties of a New Vestibulospinal Projection, the Caudal Vestibulospinal Tract

Exp Brain Res. 1978 Jun 19;32(2):287-92. doi: 10.1007/BF00239733.


Neurons in the caudal portions of the medial and descending vestibular nuclei and in vestibular cell group f that project to the cervical or lumbar spinal cord were located by antidromic spinal stimulation. These caudal vestibulospinal tract (CVST) neurons have a median conduction velocity of 12 m/sec, which is well below the conduction velocities of typical lateral or medial vestibulospinal tract (LVST, MVST) axons. The descending fiber trajectories of CVST neurons, determined by comparing thresholds for activation of each neuron from six points in the spinal white matter, were remarkably diverse. Unlike LVST and MVST axons, which are located in the ipsilateral ventral funiculi, CVST axons can be found in both the ventral and dorsolateral funiculi on both sides of the spinal cord. The CVST system is thus both anatomically and physiologically different from the LVST and MVST.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Axons / physiology
  • Cats
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Spinal Cord / physiology*
  • Synaptic Transmission
  • Vestibular Nuclei / physiology*