Sex differences in the subunits of glutathione-S-transferase isoenzyme from rat and human kidney

Enzyme. 1990;43(4):175-82. doi: 10.1159/000468728.


Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes were purified from cytosolic preparations from kidneys of male and female rats and kidney cortical specimens from 2 male and 1 female human subjects. GST isoenzyme expression was analyzed by SDS-PAGE, measurement of catalytic activities with specific substrates and determination of their subunits by ELISA and Western blotting using specific antibodies. GST from female rat kidneys showed a preponderance of subunits 3 and 4; levels of these isoenzymes were 3-4 times greater in females than in males. Levels of subunits 1 and 2 were 1.5-2 times greater in the male rat kidneys. Additional minor bands at 24 and 22 kD were observed in GST preparations from both male and female rat kidneys while a band at 25.3 kD was observed only in the male rat kidney. These bands did not react with antibodies to GST 1-1, GST 2-2 or GST 3-4. Both male and female human kidney samples contained GST isoenzymes comparable to the near-neutral (25-5 kD) and basic forms (25 kD) of GSTs found in human liver. In addition a 28-kD band was present in GST preparations from both male and female human kidneys. Additional bands at 29 and 25.2 kD were present only in male human kidneys. Both the kidney cytosol and the total GSTs prepared from female rats shared 2- to 4-fold greater activity with 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene, ethacrynic acid and trans-4-phenyl-3-buten-2-one than those from males. The measurement of specific subunit amounts by ELISA were in agreement with these results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / enzymology
  • Cytosol / enzymology
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Glutathione Transferase / chemistry
  • Glutathione Transferase / isolation & purification
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / chemistry
  • Isoenzymes / isolation & purification
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism*
  • Kidney / enzymology*
  • Kidney Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Kinetics
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Weight
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Sex Characteristics


  • Isoenzymes
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Glutathione Transferase