Purpose: We investigated the therapeutic action of F8-IL2, a fusion protein consisting of the F8 antibody specific to the alternatively spliced extradomain-A of fibronectin, in diabody format and of human interleukin-2 in the Caki-1 (ATCC®) model of human renal cell carcinoma grafted subcutaneously in nude mice.
Materials and methods: F8-IL2 was cloned, expressed in CHO cells and purified to homogeneity. This immunocytokine was administered alone or combined with 3 standard drugs commonly used as therapy for kidney cancer, including sunitinib, sorafenib and interferon-α, in 2 sets of doses and treatment schedules.
Results: Neither F8-IL2 nor any other therapeutic agent cured tumor bearing mice when used as a single agent. The best therapeutic results were observed for the combination of sunitinib with F8-IL2 in a continuous administration schedule, which yielded a 28% cure rate and substantial tumor growth retardation.
Conclusions: Considering that recombinant interleukin-2 based immunocytokines are now being investigated in several clinical trials in patients with cancer alone or combined with chemotherapy our preclinical results provide a motivation to study F8-IL2 combined with sunitinib in clinical trials in patients with kidney cancer.
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