Self-management problem solving for adolescents with type 1 diabetes: intervention processes associated with an Internet program

Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Nov;85(2):140-2. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2010.09.018. Epub 2010 Oct 27.

Abstract

Objective: Describe intervention processes associated with an Internet self-management problem solving program for adolescents with type 1 diabetes, and relate participant characteristics to program use.

Methods: Forty-one adolescents with type 1 diabetes, aged 13-17, participated in an Internet intervention.

Results: Participants reported psychosocial self-management barriers related to social issues (45%), time pressures (22%), and emotions (25%). Most adolescents (76%) completed the two guided problem solving cycles, and most (97%) problems were appropriate and specific to diabetes. Of the 61 diabetes problems reported, 92% were mostly or completely solved. Baseline hemoglobin A1c, diabetes duration, and age were not related to online activities, however females posted more often to the forum (U=130.0, Z=2.13, p=.033). The majority of parents (87%) interacted with their child about the website.

Conclusion: Adolescents experience psychosocial barriers to self-management that can be addressed by teaching problem solving via the Internet.

Practice implications: An Internet self-management problem solving program with minimal external support provides a viable option for diabetes clinics to improve pediatric diabetes outcomes.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Adolescent Health Services
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / psychology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / therapy*
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Male
  • Patient Compliance
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Problem Solving*
  • Psychology, Adolescent
  • Self Care / methods*
  • Self-Help Groups

Substances

  • Glycated Hemoglobin A