Laparoscopic Hernia Repair in Infancy and Childhood: Evaluation of 2 Different Techniques

J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Nov;45(11):2210-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2010.07.004.

Abstract

Purpose: Laparoscopic hernia repair in infancy and childhood is still debatable. There are many techniques available for laparoscopic hernia repair in children. The objective of this study was to compare intracorporeal suturing and knotting with extracorporeal knotting for repair of congenital inguinal hernia in infants and children about operative time, recurrence rate, hydrocele formation, and postoperative cosmetic results. A randomized controlled study was carried out in the Pediatric Surgery Unit of Al-Azhar University Hospitals (Cairo, Egypt) over a 3-year period.

Patients and methods: One hundred fifty patients with congenital inguinal hernia were randomized into 2 equal groups (n = 75). Group A was subjected to intracorporeal purse string suture around the internal inguinal ring (IIR) using 2 needle holders. Group B was subjected to insertion of purse string suture around IIR using a Reverdin needle (RN) and extracorporeal knotting. Inclusion criteria included bilateral inguinal hernia, recurrent hernia, hernia in obese children, incarcerated hernia, and ipsilateral hernia with questionable hernia on the contralateral side. Exclusion criteria included unilateral inguinal hernia and hernia with undescended testicles. The main outcome measurements were operative time, length of hospital stay, postoperative hydrocele formation, recurrence rate, and cosmetic results.

Results: There were no significant differences about age, sex, and mode of presentation between both groups. All cases were completed successfully without conversion. There were significant statistical differences in the operative time, recurrence rate, and cosmetic results between the studied groups, whereas there were no significant statistical differences in the hospital stay and postoperative hydrocele formation.

Conclusion: Laparoscopic hernia repair by RN is an effective method of hernia repair in infants and children. It resulted in a marked reduction of operative time and excellent cosmetic results with low recurrence.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hernia, Inguinal / congenital
  • Hernia, Inguinal / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Ligation / instrumentation
  • Male
  • Needles*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Suture Techniques / instrumentation*
  • Treatment Outcome