Asexual development in Aspergillus nidulans begins in superficial hyphae as the programmed emergence of successive pseudohyphal modules, collectively known as the conidiophore, and is completed by a layer of specialized cells (phialides) giving rise to chains of aerial spores. A discrete number of regulatory factors present in hyphae play different stage-specific roles in pseudohyphal modules, depending on their cellular localization and protein-protein interactions. Their multiple roles include the timely activation of a sporulation-specific pathway that governs phialide and spore formation. Such functional versatility provides for a new outlook on morphogenetic change and the ways we should study it.
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