Descriptive epidemiology of mechanical hip pathology in adults under 50 years of age. Prospective series of 292 cases: Clinical and radiological aspects and physiopathological review

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2010 Dec;96(8 Suppl):S53-8. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2010.09.005. Epub 2010 Oct 28.


Two hundred and ninety-two patients, aged between 16 and 50 years and presenting with mechanical hip pathology, were included in a prospective multicenter study. The descriptive study concerned the clinical examination and analysis of three X-ray views (AP pelvic, Lequesne false profile and lateral axial view). The series comprised 62% males, mean age 35 years, with 53% right side and 22% bilateral involvement. Initial trauma was reported in 19% of cases, and direct familial history of hip pathology in 20%. Seventy percent of the patients played sports, 30% were high-level athletes, and 17% played combat sports. The physical impingement sign was present in 18% to 65% of cases depending on the variant studied. On imaging (n=241), 62% of hips showed osteoarthritis, with 25% at the evolved stage. In the series, as a whole, there was a 35% rate of dysplasia, 63% of impingement and 5% of normal X-ray results. The radiologic impingement aspects were 58% cam-type, 19% pincer-type and 23% mixed. Twenty-two percent of dysplasia cases showed signs of associated impingement. Pain experienced exclusively in flexion/internal rotation/adduction on examination showed little sensitivity (20%) but considerable specificity (86%) for the main diagnosis of impingement. The links between impingement and dysplasia are discussed, and an integrative schema of all risk factors is put forward.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Arthralgia / diagnostic imaging
  • Arthralgia / epidemiology*
  • Arthralgia / etiology
  • Arthrography / methods*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / complications
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / diagnostic imaging
  • Femoracetabular Impingement / epidemiology*
  • France / epidemiology
  • Hip Dislocation / complications
  • Hip Dislocation / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Dislocation / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / complications
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / diagnostic imaging
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / epidemiology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Young Adult