Recent studies suggest that tissue resident Vδ1-T cells may downregulate immune responses in human beings. However, the function of peripheral blood Vδ1-T cells and their mechanisms of action remain largely unknown because of their limited numbers and the difficulties encountered in expanding these cells. In this study, we provide direct evidence demonstrating that peripheral human Vδ1-T cells can abrogate adaptive immune responses by direct killing of autologous dendritic cells through a perforin-mediated pathway. These findings advance our basic understanding of this unique T-cell subset.
Copyright © 2011 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.