The Gypsy Database (GyDB) of mobile genetic elements: release 2.0

Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan;39(Database issue):D70-4. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkq1061. Epub 2010 Oct 29.


This article introduces the second release of the Gypsy Database of Mobile Genetic Elements (GyDB 2.0): a research project devoted to the evolutionary dynamics of viruses and transposable elements based on their phylogenetic classification (per lineage and protein domain). The Gypsy Database (GyDB) is a long-term project that is continuously progressing, and that owing to the high molecular diversity of mobile elements requires to be completed in several stages. GyDB 2.0 has been powered with a wiki to allow other researchers participate in the project. The current database stage and scope are long terminal repeats (LTR) retroelements and relatives. GyDB 2.0 is an update based on the analysis of Ty3/Gypsy, Retroviridae, Ty1/Copia and Bel/Pao LTR retroelements and the Caulimoviridae pararetroviruses of plants. Among other features, in terms of the aforementioned topics, this update adds: (i) a variety of descriptions and reviews distributed in multiple web pages; (ii) protein-based phylogenies, where phylogenetic levels are assigned to distinct classified elements; (iii) a collection of multiple alignments, lineage-specific hidden Markov models and consensus sequences, called GyDB collection; (iv) updated RefSeq databases and BLAST and HMM servers to facilitate sequence characterization of new LTR retroelement and caulimovirus queries; and (v) a bibliographic server. GyDB 2.0 is available at

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Caulimoviridae / classification
  • Caulimoviridae / genetics
  • Databases, Genetic*
  • Phylogeny
  • Retroelements*
  • Retroviridae / classification
  • Retroviridae / genetics*
  • Retroviridae Proteins / chemistry
  • Retroviridae Proteins / classification
  • Retroviridae Proteins / genetics
  • Software
  • Terminal Repeat Sequences*


  • Retroelements
  • Retroviridae Proteins