Colorectal cancer epidemiology: incidence, mortality, survival, and risk factors

Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2009 Nov;22(4):191-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1242458.


In this article, the incidence, mortality, and survival rates for colorectal cancer are reviewed, with attention paid to regional variations and changes over time. A concise overview of known risk factors associated with colorectal cancer is provided, including familial and hereditary factors, as well as environmental lifestyle-related risk factors such as physical inactivity, obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption.

Keywords: Colorectal cancer; epidemiology; incidence; risk factors; survival.