Regulation of parathyroid cell gene expression in experimental uremia

J Am Soc Nephrol. 1990 Jul;1(1):99-104.


The secondary hyperparathyroidism of renal failure is an important component of renal osteodystrophy. We studied PTHmRNA levels and their regulation in control and subtotal nephrectomized (5/6 NX) rats at 3 wk, as well as levels of the 1,25(OH)2D3 receptor mRNA in parathyroids. Serum 1,25(OH)2D levels were decreased in 5/6 NX, whereas PTHmRNA levels were increased (7 +/- 0.7 OD U, N = 4) compared to controls (2.1 +/- 1.2, P less than 0.01); both decreased after 1,25(OH)2D3 (100 pmol/100 g body weight). Similar results were found in 5/6 NX rats after 3 months. There was no change in actin mRNA levels. PTHmRNA levels were highest in 5/6 NX rats with the most severe renal failure. The parathyroid gland 1,25(OH)2D3 receptor mRNA levels were not different between 5/6 NX rats and controls and were not affected by 1,25(OH)2D3 (100 pmol/100 g body weight daily) at 1 or 3 days. PTHmRNA levels of 5/6 NX rats did not increase when the serum calcium was decreased from 2.8 +/- 0.05 mmol/L to 0.9 +/- 0.15 mmol/L at 3 or 5 h, which contrasted with the marked increase in PTHmRNA in normal rats after hypocalcemia. As in normal rats, after hypercalcemia (4.8 mmol/L at 1 h) there was no change in the 5/6 NX rats' PTHmRNA levels. These results show that 5/6 NX rats have increased PTHmRNA levels that are normally regulated by injected 1,25(OH)2D3 but not by calcium. Parathyroid gland 1,25(OH)2D receptor mRNA levels are not increased in 5/6 NX in contrast to the increased PTHmRNA, which reflects the larger glands of uremia. 1,25(OH)2D receptor mRNA levels were not regulated by 1,25(OH)2D3.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcitriol / blood
  • Calcitriol / pharmacology
  • Calcium / blood
  • Calcium / pharmacology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / etiology
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / genetics
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / metabolism
  • Male
  • Nephrectomy
  • Parathyroid Glands / metabolism
  • Parathyroid Glands / pathology
  • Parathyroid Hormone / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Uremia / complications
  • Uremia / genetics*
  • Uremia / metabolism


  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Calcitriol
  • Calcium