The importance of socio-demographic factors for the quality of life of adults with congenital heart disease

Qual Life Res. 2011 Mar;20(2):169-77. doi: 10.1007/s11136-010-9741-2. Epub 2010 Nov 2.


Purpose: We conducted a study to measure the associations of socio-demographic factors with quality of life outcomes among adults with congenital heart disease (CHD).

Methods: Results are drawn from a questionnaire-based survey in 676 adults with CHD and compared to age and sex-matched controls of a representative national survey. Subjective outcomes were measured as health-related quality of life (hrQoL), health and life satisfaction. The associations of the subjective well-being with the degree of severity of the underlying heart defect and socio-demographic factors such as educational and employment status were quantified in multiple linear regression models.

Results: A significant correlation of the degree of severity of the heart defect was limited to the physical scale of the hrQoL, whereas for the mental scale of the hrQoL and the satisfaction scales, socio-demographic factors showed a stronger association. Furthermore, the associations of socio-demographic factors and subjective well-being were stronger in the patient group than in the control group.

Conclusions: Socio-demographic factors can be significantly associated with the subjective well-being of adults with CHD. In order to assist the surgical successes of the past decades, which have ensured the survival of most of these patients into adulthood, increased attention should be paid to these domains in the care of adults with CHD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / economics*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / physiopathology
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / psychology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult