Intestinal microsomal drug metabolism. A comparison of rat and guinea-pig enzymes, and of rat crypt and villous tip cell enzymes

Biochem Pharmacol. 1981 Sep 1;30(17):2415-20. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(81)90335-x.


A comparison was made of the properties of microsomes prepared from the small intestines of guinea pigs and rats. The NADPH2 cytochrome c reductase activity and cytochrome b5 and cytochrome P-450 content in rat microsomes was 42, 47 and 64% of that in the guinea pig, ethoxycoumarin deethylase activity was comparable, while arylesterase activity was twice as active in rats as guinea pigs. Investigation of the distribution of these and other parameters in rat intestinal epithelia revealed a preferential location of cytochrome P-450 in the villous tip while other parameters showed a more similar distribution between microsomes prepared from the villous tip and crypt.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 7-Alkoxycoumarin O-Dealkylase / metabolism
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • Cytochromes b5 / metabolism
  • Epithelial Cells / enzymology
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism*
  • Intestines / cytology
  • Intestines / enzymology
  • Male
  • Microsomes / enzymology
  • Microsomes / metabolism*
  • NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase / metabolism
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Cytochromes b5
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • 7-Alkoxycoumarin O-Dealkylase
  • NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
  • Alkaline Phosphatase